Several military versions of the Hirundo A109 have been developed for army, naval, and patrol use. The Agusta A109A ?made his maiden flight on 4 August 1971. The baseline Light Utility Helicopter (LUH) is a light twin engine helicopter in the 3,000 kg class. With the addition of appropriate role fit equipment, LUH is able to satisfy a diverse range of mission requirements demanded from a military light utility helicopter.
Avionics include an advanced digital cockpit, based on 3 AMLCDs and a digital 4-axis AFCS. A vast array of advanced equipment including sophisticated sensors are available. The integrated Mission Equipment Package (MEP) includes day/night and IFR avionics for single or dual pilot operations with a four-axis digital Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS). The availability of a wide range of mission equipment makes the LUH a real multi-role helicopter, able to perform all light helicopter roles including training, troop transport, medical evacuation, search and rescue, maritime patrol, observation, armed escort and anti-armour.
Besides service with the USCG, the A109 Power has also been selected for law enforcement duties by Italian, British, Nigerian and Chinese agencies. Additionally, it serves military roles with the South African Air Force, Swedish MoD and Italian Navy. The A109 Power, the only twin light helicopter capable of ship-based operations, was again confirmed worldwide as the best-selling light twin helicopter in 2001.
The sale of the Agusta A109 to the Belgian armed forces in 1988 gave rise to a bribery scandal when it was alleged the company had given the Belgian Socialists over 50 million Belgian francs to get the sale. This scandal led to the resignation and conviction of NATO Secretary General Willy Claes.
Albania, Argentine Army, Royal Australian Navy, Belgian Air Component, Benin, Bulgaria,People’s Republic of China, Carabineros de Chile, Ghana, Greece (Hellenic Air Force), Italy, Royal New Zealand Air Force, Latvia, Malaysian Army, Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency, Malaysian Fire and Rescue Department, Mexico, Nigeria, Paraguayan Air Force, Peru, South Africa, Sweden, Army Air Corps, Empire Test Pilots’ School, Royal Air Force, Venezuela
Former Military operators:
Slovenian Air Force, United States Coast Guard
|First flight||4 August 1971|
Royal Australian Navy
|Unit cost||US$ 6.3 million|
General characteristics? AW109 Power
- Crew: 1 or 2 pilots
- Capacity: 7/6 passengers
- Length: 13.04 m (42 ft 9 in)
- Rotor diameter: 11.00 m (36 ft 2 in)
- Height: 3.50 m (11 ft 6 in)
- Empty weight: 2,000 kgs (3,461 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 2,850 kg- 3,000kg (6,283 lb) (depending on version))
- Powerplant: 2 x Pratt & Whitney Canada 206C or Turbomeca Arrius 2K1 turboshafts, 567 hp or 571 hp (423 kW or 426 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 285 km/h (177 mph ,154 knots)
- Ferry range: 964 km (599 mi, 521 NM)
- Service ceiling: 5,974 m (19,600 ft)
- Rate of climb: 9.8 m/s (1,930 ft/min)
(Agusta A109 LUH only)
The A400M program is a direct result of a commonly expressed need by 8 European air forces for a new generation military airlifter.
Airbus A400M timeline:
- The Airbus A400M development started in the seventies as the Future Large Aircraft project. Request for Proposal August 1997.
- Memorandum of Understanding is signed June 19, 2001 at the Le Bourget Air show.
- On May 27, 2003, a contract was signed between Airbus Military and OCCAR (Organization Conjointe de Cooporation en Matire d’Armement), representing Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Spain, Turkey, and United Kingdom for a total of 180 aircraft.
- The industrial program was formally launched on May 31, 2003.
- Start production January 2005.
- First Roll out: June 26, 2008
- First Flight December 11, 2009, and the first deliverywill be in 2012.
First Flight December 11, 2009
The A400M Common Standard Aircraft (CSA) is capable of performing:
- strategic operations (long range, large capacity, high cruise speed).
- tactical missions (soft-field performance, autonomous ground operation, low speed / low level operations, aerial delivery).
- “in-theatre” tanking operations (receiving as well as dispensing fuel).
The A400M is designed to civil certification standards complemented where appropriate by specific military requirements. The aircraft design incorporates leading state-of-the-art technology including:
- Fly-by-wire Flight Control System with side stick controllers.
- Flight envelope protection system, already proven in Airbus commercial aircraft.
- Advanced structural design incorporating extensive use of composite materials.
- High performance turboprop engines, allowing operation in civil air traffic control environment.
- High flotation landing gear, allowing operation from short, unpaved airfields.
The Airbus A400M will play an essential role in enhancing Europe’s airlift capabilities, whilst enabling the establishment of common support, training and operational procedures and greater interoperability in multi-national humanitarian and peace-keeping missions.
The A400M is also quickly convertible into a tactical tanker. The flight envelope of the A400M allows it to refuel a wide range of aircraft and helicopters, at the altitudes appropriate to their missions.
- A two-point trailing drogue system can be installed within two hours by fitting two standard air-to-air refueling pods (optional) to the multi-role attachment points on the wings. Each pod provides a fuel flow of up to 1200kg/min.
- A centre-line pallet-mounted hose drum unit can be fitted in the rear cargo bay. It provides a fuel flow of 1800kg/min.
|Developing nation:||European Nations.|
|Production line:||Sevilla, Spain|
|Type aircraft:||Military transporter.|
|First flight:||December 11, 2009|
|Cockpit crew:||2 pilots, 1 loadmaster|
|Cabin length:||17,71 m.|
|Cabin diameter:||4,00 m.|
|Cabin height:||3,85 m.|
|Ramp length:||5,40 m.|
|Cargo volume:||356 m³.|
|Wing span:||42,4 m|
|Wing area:||221,5 m².|
|Fuselage length:||43,8 m.|
|Fuselage diameter:||4,10 m.|
|Engines:||- four Europrop International TP400-D6?each rated 11.000 Hp.|
|Propeller:||Ratier FH386 eight blades 5,33 m diameter.|
|Weight:||- empty: 70.000 Kg.
- fuel: 46.700 kg.
- max. payload: 37.000 Kg.
|Max. take off weight:||130.000 Kg.|
|Max. landing weight:||114.000 Kg.|
|Cruise speed:||mach 0,68.|
|Max. speed:||mach 0,72.|
|Service ceiling:||8.840 m.|
|Max. ceiling:||12.190 m.|
|Max. range:||9.260 km.|
|Performance:||- take-off run 940 m at max. take-off weight.- landing run 625 m at max. landing weight.|
|Airbus A400M order book:|