September 4th we visited Duxford to attend the 2010 Battle of Britain air show, a special show to honor the men and women who fought and won the Battle of Britain.
On the airfield of Duxford a lot of devoted people work hard to restore, display and fly a great number of special aircraft. Every time we visit and walk through the hangars we are amazed about this. From pilots to the safety people, everybody is doing his bit to preserve the Heritage Britain is proud of, in remembrance of the many who fell for our freedom.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by Willy Messerschmitt in the early 1930s. The Bf109 was developed to fulfill multiple tasks, serving as interceptor, bomber escort, fighter bomber, day-, night- all-weather fighter, bomber destroyer, ground-attack aircraft, and as reconnaissance aircraft.
Developing nation: Germany.
Manufacturer/designer: Bayerische Flugzeugwerke Messerschmitt/Willy Messerschmitt.
Production: 1937 – 1958 Hispano Aviacion Ha 1112 Buchon.
Number built: 33,984.
Type aircraft: Fighter.
First flight: 29 May 1935 D-IABI.
First delivery: 1937.
1952, Yugoslavian Air Force
1954, Finnish Air Force
1965, Spanish Air Force.
The original was the Bf109 V1 made his first flight 29 May 1935, registered as D-IABI was the first was the first all metal stressed skin fighter that would enter service. The first Bf 109 prototype, the Bf-109V1 had a British Rolls-Royce Kestrel engine when it made its debut in September 1935.
The “Bf-109V2″ used a 455 kW (610 HP) Junkers Jumo 210A engine.
On 11 November 1937 the Bf 109 V13 flown by Messerschmitt’s chief pilot Dr. Hermann Wurster set a new world air speed record for landplanes with piston engines to 610.55 km/h (379.38 mph) and won the title for Germany for the first time.
By the time World War II began in 1939, the Luftwaffe had more than 1,000 Bf 109s in service.The advantage of the Spitfire and the Hurricane in individual combat with the Me 109 was that both British aeroplanes could out-turn the German, because the Me 109′s radius of turn was bigger. But the Bf 109was better in the initial climb and dive.
The Bf 109 was credited with more aerial kills than any other aircraft. One hundred and five Bf 109 pilots were credited with the destruction of 100 or more enemy aircraft. Thirteen of these men scored more than 200 kills, while two scored more than 300.
The Bf 109 was flown by the three top-scoring fighter aces of World War II: Erich Hartmann, the top scoring fighter pilot of all time claiming 352 victories, Gerhard Barkhorn with 301 victories, and Gunther Rall claiming 275 victories. All of them flew with Jagdgeschwader 52.
Messerschmitt exported thousands of Bf109s to Bulgaria, Finland, Hungary, Japan, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, the USSR and Yugoslavia. In addition, Spain’s Hispano company produced the Bf 109 under license beginning in 1945, calling it the HA-1109 Buchon single seater and HA-1110 and HA-1112 are duals.
The exact number of the world wide manufactured Bf 109 can only be estimated. A rough estimation would be 33,000. Original aeroplanes still preserved are rare and are normally shown as static exhibits in museums. Of German manufacturing there’s only one airworthy original aeroplane at the moment. Nearly all the airworthy aeroplanes originate from Spanish production and are partly reconverted to the German standard.
- Crew: One
- Length: 8.95 m (29 ft 7 in)
- Wingspan: 9.925 m (32 ft 6 in)
- Height: 2.60 m (8 ft 2 in)
- Wing area: 16.05 sq m (173.3 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 2,247 kg (5,893 lb)
- Loaded weight: 3,148 kg (6,940 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 3,400 kg (7,495 lb)
- Powerplant: 1x Daimler-Benz DB 605A-1 liquid-cooled inverted V12, 1,475 PS (1,455 hp, 1,085 kW)
- Propellers:VDM 9-12087 three-bladed light-alloy propeller propeller
- Propeller diameter: 3 m ()
- Maximum speed: 640 km/h (398 mph) at 6,300 m (20,669 ft)
- Cruise speed: 590 km/h (365 mph) at 6,000 m (19,680 ft)
- Range: 850 km (528 mi) 1,000 km (621 mi) with droptank
- Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,370 ft)
- Rate of climb: 17.0 m/s (3,345 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 196 kg/sq m (40 lb/sq m)
- Power/mass: 344 W/kg (0.21 hp/lb)
- 2 x 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine guns with 300 rounds per gun
- 1 x 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon as Motorkanone with 200 rpg. G-6/U4 variant: 1 x 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannon as Motorkanone with 65 rpg
- 2 . 20 mm MG 151/20 underwing cannon pods with 135 rpg (optional kit – Rastsatz VI)
- Rockets: 2 x 21 cm (8 in) Wfr. Gr. 21 rockets (G-6 with BR21)
- Bombs: 1 x 250 kg (551 lb) bomb or 4 x 50 kg (110 lb) bombs or 1x 300 litres (79 USgal)
All pictures courtesy of Zijde Aviation Photo and Publishing, Rob Vogelaar
Developing nation: Germany.
Manufacturer/designer: Focke Wulf Flugzeugbau AG/Kurt Tank.
Production: 1941 – 1946.
Number built: 20,000 +.
Type aircraft: Fighter.
First flight: June 1, 1939 D-OPZE.
First delivery: 1941.
Retired:1945 (Luftwaffe); 1949 (Turkey).
The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Wurger was a German single-seat, single-radial engine fighter aircraft.The aircraft was ordered by the Reichsluftfahrtministerium in 1937 as an addition to the Messerschmitt Bf 109. Kurt Tank (the desinger) submitted two proposals for a single-seat fighter equipped on the one hand with a liquid-cooled Daimler Benz DB 601 engine, and on the other, the new air-cooled BMW 139 radial engine. The radial engine was selected in the summer of 1938.
The first prototype was flown on June 1, 1939 and soon proved to have good qualities for such a comparatively small craft including excellent handling, good visibility and promising speed (initially around 610 km/hr), its wide landing gear made it a more versatile aircraft than the Bf 109 and a safer one. It was the only German single-seat fighter powered by a radial engine and the only fighter of the war with electrically operated landing gear and flaps. The Focke Wulf Fw 190 saw action as an interceptor, day fighter, night fighter, conventional bomber, and as a torpedo bomber. It began service in 1941, was superior to all its opponents until 1942 43, and remained a successful fighter and fighter-bomber until the war ended. A total of over 20,000 Focke Wulf Fw 190 aircraft of all types were manufactured.
- Crew: 1
- Length: 10.20 m (33 ft 5 1/2 in)
- Wingspan: 10.50 m (34 ft 5 in)
- Height: 3.35 m (11 ft 0 in)
- Wing area: 18.30 sq m (196.99sq ft)
- Empty weight: 3,490 kg (7,694 lb)
- Loaded weight: 4,350 kg (9,590 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 4,840 kg (10,670 lb)
- Powerplant: 1x Junkers Jumo 213 A-1 12-cylinder inverted-Vee piston engine, 1,287 kW, 1,544 kW with boost (1,750 PS / 2,100 PS)
- Maximum speed: 685 km/h at 6,600 m, 710 km/h at 11,300 m (426 mph at 21,655 ft / 440 mph at 37,000 ft (11,000 m))
- Range: 835 km (519 mi)
- Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,370 ft)
- Rate of climb: 17 m/s (3,300 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 238 kg/sq m (48.7 lb/sq m)
- Power/mass: 0.30 – 0.35 kW/kg (0.18 – 0.21 hp/lb)
- 2 x 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine guns with 475 rpg
- 2 x 20 mm MG 151 cannons with 250 rpg in the wing root
- 1 x 500 kg (1,102 lb) SC 500 bomb (optional)
Fw 190 V1 Prototype Model; fitted with BMW 139 engine of 1,550 horsepower.
Fw 190 A – Base production model
Fw 190 A-0 Preproduction Model Designation; 28 examples produced.
Fw 190 A-1 – Role specific optimized variant; appeared in June 1941; fitted with BMW 801C-1 engines of 1,560 horsepower; longer propeller; 4 x 7.92mm machine guns (2 in fuselage and 2 in wing roots) and 2 x 20mm cannons in outboard wings; bulged engine cowlings.
Fw 190 A-2 – Role specific optimized variant; appeared in October 1941; fitted with BMW 801 C-2 engine of 1,600 horsepower; redesigned exhaust system; upgraded gun sight; 2 x 7.92mm machine guns in fuselage and 4 x 20mm cannons (2 replaced original 7.92mm machine guns) in wings.
Fw 190 A-3 – Role specific optimized variant; appearing in spring of 1942; fitted with BMW 801 D-2 engines of 1,754 horsepower; centerline bomb rack.
Fw 190 A-3a First appearing in fall of 1942; Turkish export versions; fitted with 4 x 7.92mm machine guns and 2 x 20mm cannons (same as A-1 model).
Fw 190 A-4 – Role specific optimized variant; appeared in July 1942; improved radio equipment; similar to A-3 in most respects (armament/engine).
Fw 190 A-4/U1 Centerline bomb rack fitted; MG 151 cannons retained but all other machine gun armament removed.
Fw 190 A-4/U3 Similar to U1 model; some converted to nightfighter duty; served as basis for Fw 190 F-1 ?assault? fighter version.
Fw 190 A-4/U4 Dedicated Reconnaissance Platform; fitted with photographic cameras; armament of machine gun and cannons fuselage mounted.
Fw 190 A-4/U7 High-Altitude Variant; compressor intakes implemented on side cowlings.
Fw 190 A-4/U8 Would later serve as basis for Fw 190 G-1 model.
Fw 190 A-4/R6 Fitted with underwing rocket mortar weaponry
Fw 190 A-5 – Role specific optimized variant; revised engine placement; fitted with BMW 801 D-2 engine of 1,700 horsepower; MW 50 power boost capable.
Fw 190 A-5/U2 Dedicated Nightfighter; 2 x 20mm MG151 cannons.
Fw 190 A-5/U3 Nightfighter with provision for fuel tanks and bombs; 2 x 20mm MG151 cannons.
Fw 190 A-5/U4 Dedicated Reconnaissance Fighter; fitted with cameras.
Fw 190 A-5/U8 Nightfighter fitted with underwing racks for centerline bombs and underwing fuel drop tanks; 2 x 20mm MG151 cannons; later to become the Fw 190 G-2 model series.
Fw 190 A-5/U12 Bomber Interceptor Variant; fitted with two underwing gun pods for array of 2 x 7.92mm machine guns and 6 x 20mm MG151 cannons.
Fw 190 A-5/U12 Prototype Model
Fw 190 A-5R11 Nightfighter Conversion Model; fitted with radar.
Fw 190 A-6 – Role specific optimized variant; new wing design; extra ammunition for 2 x 7.92mm fuselage machine guns and 4 x 20mm wing-mounted cannons; improved radio navigation system; streamlined centerline bomb/fuel rack fitting.
Fw 190 A-7 – Role specific optimized variant; based on the Fw 190 A-5/U9 prototype; fitted with BMW 801 D-2 engine of 1,700 horsepower; 2 x 20mm MG 131 cannons replacing standard MG17 7.92mm fuselage machine guns; upgraded gun sight.
Fw 190 A-8 – Role specific optimized variant; improved bubble canopy.
Fw 190 A-9 Final A-Series Production Models; fitted with BMW 801S engines of 1,973 horsepower; improved engine armor protection; improved radiator system.
Fw 190 A-10 High-Altitude Prototype Development
Fw 190 B – Wider wing span; higher altitude capability; pressurized cockpit; turbocharged BMW 801 engine.
Fw 190 C – High altitude capability; turbocharged Daimler-Benz DB 603 powerplant.
Fw 190 D Dora – Main service model by 1944; fitted with Junkers Jumo 213 supercharged engine.
Fw 190 D-0 Developmental Prototype; fitted with Jumo 213a engine.
Fw 190 D-1 Developmental Prototype
Fw 190 D-2 Developmental Prototype
Fw 190 D-9 – Role specific optimized variant
Fw 190 D-10 – Role specific optimized variant
Fw 190 D-11 – Role specific optimized variant; fitted with uprated Jumo 213E engines; 17 examples produced.
Fw 190 D-12 – Role specific optimized variant; based on D-11 model; Mk 108 30mm cannon in propeller hub.
Fw 190 D-13 – Role specific optimized variant; based on D-11 model; Mk 151/20 20mm cannon in propeller hub.
Fw 190 D-13/R11 All-Weather Development
Fw 190 E - Proposed reconnaissance fighter
Fw 190 F – Ground attack model based on Fw 190 A-4 powerplant.
Fw 190 F-1 Improved under-fuselage armor; centerline and wing bomb racks.
Fw 190 F-2 Based on Fw 190 A-5/U3; replaced F-1 series on production lines.
Fw 190 F-3 Based on Fw 190 A-5/U17; 432 examples produced.
Fw 190 F-4 Abandoned Strafing Design Variant
Fw 190 F-5 Abandoned Strafing Design Variant
Fw 190 F-6 Abandoned Strafing Design Variant
Fw 190 F-7 Abandoned Strafing Design Variant
Fw 190 F-8 Improved radio equipment; redesigned compressor for low-altitude boost in performance; 2 x 20mm MG151/20 cannons in wing roots and 2 x 7.92mm MG131 machine guns above engine housing; 3,400 examples produced.
Fw 190 F-8/U1 Long-Range Nightfighter; underwing and centerline provision for fuel tanks and/or bombs.
Fw 190 F-8/U2 Torpedo Bomber
Fw 190 F-8/U3 Heavy Torpedo Bomber
Fw 190 F-8/U4 Nightfighter
Fw 190 F-9 Based on the Fw 190 A-9; redesigned empennage as found on the Ta 152 development; 147 examples produced.
Fw 190 G Long-Range Attack Model; based on the Fw 190 A-5 powerplant.
Fw 190 G-1 Based on the Fw 190 A-4/U8
Fw 190 G-2 Based on the Fw 190 A-5/U8
Fw 190 G-3 Based on the Fw 190 A-6
Fw 190 G-8 Based on the Fw 190 A-8
Fw 190 A8-U1 Original Designation for Trainer Fw 190?s.
Fw 190 S-5 Trainer Variant
Fw 190 S-8 Trainer Variant
Ra-2 High Altitude Development
Ra-3 High Altitude Development
Ta 152 – Ultra-high altitude fighter; Wider wing span; Jumo 213E powerplant; based on the Ra-3 development model.
Ta 152C Low-Altitude Developmental Ta 152 Model; fitted with DB 603 engine; only two examples produced.
Ta 152H – Improved Ta 152; Only operational variant of the Ta 152.
- The French Air Force ordered 64 aircraft postwar from the SNCA aircraft company. The Fw 190 A-5/A-6 ( NC 900).
- Royal Hungarian Air Force received a total of 72 Fw 190 F-8
- The Spanish Air Force operated Fw 190 A-2,3,4 among Fw 190 A-8 and Gs
- The Royal Romanian Air Force received from Germany a number of Fw 190 A-8s
- The Turkish Air Force, beginning in mid-1942, received 72 examples of the Fw 190 A-3a. The Fw 190 remained in service until 1948?49.