Developing nation: France.
Manufacturer/designer: Marcel Dassault Aviation.
Production line: Bordeaux-Mariagne.
Number built: 601
Type aircraft: multirole, single-engine fourth-generation jet fighter.
First flight: March 10, 1978
First delivery: November 1982 to Armée de L’Air
Developed around 1973 as a successor of the Mirage III and Mirage V. The first of four single seat prototypes flew on March 10, 1978, and the fifth machine a private (Dassault) build two-seater took the air in October 1980 as the precursor of the Mirage 2000B two-seat operational trainer.
The Mirage 2000N was derived from and looks much like the Mirage 2000B, but the Nuclear Strike variant includes stronger wings for low altitude operations, as well as low-level precision navigation-attack system, build around the Thomson-CSF Antilope 5 radar, with automated terrain following capability, at very high speed and very low altitude. The Mirage 2000N carries a single ASMP (nuclear weapon with 150 or 300 kilotons warhead) on a centerline pylon.
The old prototype of the Mirage 2000B was extensively modified to fly as the first next-generation Mirage 2000-5 in October 1990. The first single Mirage 2000-5 flew in may 1991.
The Mirage 2000-5 is a new version of the multi-role aircraft with a new avionics system:
New pilot/system interface.
Five displays ‘glass cockpit.
Head-Up/Level/Down and two Lateral.
RDY Multi-waveform pulse 12 Doppler radar.
New internal countermeasures system.
Multi-target firing and a new air-to-air MICA missile.
General characteristics Mirage 2000C
- Crew: 1
- Length: 14.36 m (47 ft 1 in)
- Wingspan: 9.13 m (29 ft)
- Height: 5.20 m (17 ft)
- Wing area: 41 sq m (441.3 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 24,541kg (54,100lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 17,000 kg (37,500 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 x SNECMA M53-P2 afterburning turbofan
- Dry thrust: 64.3 kN (14,500 lbf)
- Thrust with afterburner: 95.1 kN (21,400 lbf)
- Maximum speed: Mach 2.2 (2,333+ km/h, 1,450+ mph) at altitude/ 1,110 km/hr (690 mph) at low altitude
- Range: 1,550 km (837 nmi, 963 mi) with drop tanks
- Ferry range: 3,335 km (1,800 nmi, 2,073 mi) with auxiliary fuel
- Service ceiling: 17,060 m (59,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 285 m/s (56,000 ft/min)
- Wing loading: 337 kg/sq m (69 lb/sq m)
- Thrust/weight: 0.91
- Guns: 2 x 30 mm (1.18 in) DEFA 554 revolver cannon, 125 rounds per gun
- Hardpoints: 9 total (4 x under-wing, 5 x under-fuselage) with a capacity of 6,300 kg (13,900 lb) external fuel and ordnance
- Rockets: Matra 68 mm unguided rocket pods, 18 rockets per pod
- Air-to-air missiles:
- 6 x MBDA MICA IR/RF
- 2 x Matra R550 Magic-II and 2? Matra Super 530D
- Air-to-surface missiles:
- 2 x AM.39 Exocet
- 2 x AS-30L laser guided missile
- 1 x ASMP tactical nuclear cruise missile
- Air-to-air missiles:
- Bombs: 9 x Mk.82
- Thomson-CSF RDY (Radar Doppler Multi-target) radar
- 33 Mirage 2000B
- 135 Mirage 2000C November 1982
- 86 Mirage 2000D February 1991
- 75 Mirage 2000N February 1983
- 37 Mirage 2000-5 up-date version of the Mirage 2000C
- 16 single seat Mirage 2000M and 4 2000BM trainers
- 36 single seat Mirage 2000EG and 4 2000BG trainers
- 42 single seat Mirage 2000H and 7 2000TH trainers
- 10 single seat Mirage 2000P and 2 2000DP trainers
- 9 single seat Mirage 2000-5EDA and 3 2000-5DDA trainers
- 48 single seat Mirage 2000-5EI and 12 2000-5DI trainers
United Arab Emirates
- 22 single seat Mirage 2000EAD
- 8 single seat reconnaissance variants Mirage 2000RAD
- 6 2000DAD trainers
|Production line:||Bordeaux – Merignac|
|Type aircraft:||Long Range Business Jet.|
|First flight:||21 September 1984|
|First delivery:||December 1986|
|Cockpit crew:||two pilots.|
|Passengers:||8 – 19.|
|Cabin length:||10,11 m.|
|Cabin diameter:||1,88 m.|
|Cabin height:||2,19 m.|
|Wing span:||19,33 m.|
|Fuselage length:||20,22 m.|
|Engines:||- 3 Honeywell TFE731-60 each rated 22.23 kN.|
|Cruise speed:||890 km/h.|
|Service ceiling:||Flight Level 510.|
The Super-Etendard is an attack aircraft by Dassault Aviation; it was developed to operate from the French navy’s aircraft carriers in the 1970′s.
The Etendard is/was operational with the French and Argentinean Navy and some flew for the Iraqi air force in the conflict with Iran in the 80′s.
The French ?tendard are capable to drop the Nuclear Air Sol Moyenne Portee missile, the export versions do not have this option.
The last Etendard in the French Navy will be phased out by 2010; they will be replaced by the new Dassault Rafale M.
Etendard in action:
The Argentinean Etendards were successful against the British Navy in the Falkland War, sinking 2 ships with Exocet missiles and badly damaging a third.
In the Iraq-Iran war 5 Etendards with Exocets of the Iraqi air force operated successfully against Iranian tankers in the Gulf.
The last version of the Dassault Etendard (SEM) joined NATO in operations above Kosovo, and with Operation Enduring Freedom.
|Task:||Carrier strike Fighter|
|First Flight:||- Etendard IV: July 24th 1956- Etendard IVM: October 28th 1974 (Super Etendard prototype)|
|Wing Span:||9.60 m|
|Wing Area:||28.4 m²|
|Engine (s):||SNECMA Atar 8K-50 turbojet (49.0kN) 1x|
|Max.Take off weight:||12000 kg|
|Max. Speed:||1180 km/h|
|Max. Range:||Combat radius with one Exocet and two drop-tanks: 910 km|
|Service ceiling:||13500 m|
|Weapons:||- Two internal 30 mm DEFA cannons- up to 4500 kg of weaponry on two under fuselage, and four underwing hardpoints. Rocket pods, bombs, laser guided bombs, Magic AAM’s, one Exocet or one ASMP stand-off nuclear missile|
Countries that use(d) the Super Etendard:Iraq: 5 France: 71 Argentina: 11