The Bell-Boeing V-22 Osprey is the world’s first production multi-mission, military, tiltrotor aircraft. V-22 successfully blends the vertical flight capabilities of helicopters with the speed, range, altitude, and endurance of fixed-wing transports. The V-22 was developed and is manufactured jointly by Bell Helicopter, and Boeing Rotorcraft Systems. The joint development team is known as Bell Boeing. Since entering service with the U.S. Marine Corps and Air Force, the Osprey has been deployed in both combat and rescue operations over Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya.
Developing nation: USA.
Manufacturer/designer: Bell Boeing.
Production Lines: Amarillo, Texas
Type aircraft: multi-mission, military, tiltrotor aircraft.
First flight: 19 March 1989.
First delivery: 13 June 2007.
State: in service.
Developed from: Bell XV-15.
The V-22 has been designed to the most stringent safety, reliability, readiness, all-weather operations, survivability, crash worthiness, and performance requirements of any rotary wing aircraft ever built. The V-22’s self-deployability and large payload capacity over long distances position it to support numerous missions worldwide.
Designed with folding rotors and a rotating wing, the V-22 fits nicely in the maritime base. It stores compactly on board an aircraft carrier or assault ship in a minimal footprint. With air-to-air refueling capability, it meets the U.S. Navy requirements for combat search and rescue, fleet logistics support, and special warfare support.
Composite materials were a key technology that enabled the development of the V-22 and reduced cost and weight, improved reliability, and increased ballistic tolerance. The past two ecades of extensive research and development on composite materials in the aerospace industry has directly benefited the V-22 structural design.
Two Rolls-Royce AE1107C Liberty engines provide the propulsion for the V-22. The AE1107C is a 6,150 shaft horsepower, two-spool, turboshaft, gas-turbine engine. The engines are located within the nacelles. The interconnect driveshaft provides safe one-engine-out flight in all modes of operation. An Engine Air Particle Separator (EAPS) is integral to the engine installation and can be selected to manual pilot control or automatic. Fire detection and extinguishing systems are provided in the engine compartments, wing bays and mid-wing areas.
A rotor brake assembly is integral to the mid-wing gearbox.
- V-22A – Pre-production full-scale development aircraft used for flight testing. These are unofficially considered A-variants after the 1993 redesign.
- EV-22 Proposed airborne early warning and control variant. The Royal Navy studied this AEW variant as a replacement for its current fleet of carrier-based Sea King ASaC.7 helicopters.
- HV-22 – The U.S. Navy considered an HV-22 to provide combat search and rescue, delivery and retrieval of special warfare teams along with fleet logistic support transport. It chose the MH-60S for this role in 2001. Naval Air Systems Command’s 2011/2012 V-22 Osprey Guidebook still lists the HV-22 for the U.S. Navy with the USAF and USMC variants.
- SV-22 – The proposed anti-submarine warfare variant. The U.S. Navy studied the SV-22 in the 1980s to replace S-3 and SH-2 aircraft.
- MV-22B – Basic U.S. Marine Corps transport; original requirement for 552 (now 360). The Marine Corps is the lead service in the development of the V-22 Osprey. The Marine Corps variant is an assault transport for troops, equipment and supplies, capable of operating from ships or from expeditionary airfields ashore. It is replacing the Marine Corps’ CH-46E and CH-53D.
- MV-22C – MV-22B with upgraded software and improved temperature controls.
- CV-22B – The U.S. Air Force variant for the U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). It conducts long-range, special operations missions, and is equipped with extra wing fuel tanks and an AN/APQ-186 terrain-following radar, along with other special operations equipment such as the AN/ALQ-211. The fuel capacity is increased by 588 gallons (2,230 L) with two inboard wing tanks; three auxiliary tanks (200 or 430 gal) can also be added in the cabin. The CV-22 replaced the MH-53 Pave Low helicopter.
- Under the current program of record, the Marine Corps will purchase 360 MV-22s for missions including amphibious assault, ship-to-objective maneuvers and sustained operations ashore.
- The Navy is also slated to get 48 MV-22s, which could be used for fleet logistic support and search and rescue.
- The Air Force Special Operations Command acquired 50 CV-22 variants, with enhanced capabilities tailored for their unique mission requirements. The CV-22 reached initial operational capability in 2009, while the Marines’ variant deployed in late 2007.
- The first operational Marine Osprey squadron, VMM-263, stood up at New River,NC, on March 3, 2006, with many of its pilots going through training at VMMT-204. The first operational AFSOC unit received the CV-22 was the 1st Special Operations Wing, Hurlburt Field, FL, on November 16, 2006.
- Crew: Four (pilot, copilot and two flight engineers/crew chiefs)
- 24 troops (seated), 32 troops (floor loaded), or
- 9,070 kg (20,000 lb) of internal cargo, or up to 6,800 kg (15,000 lb) of external cargo (dual hook)
- 1× Growler light internally transportable ground vehicle
- Length: 17.5 m (57 ft 4 in)
- Rotor diameter: 11.6 m (38 ft 0 in)
- Wingspan: 14 m (45 ft 10 in)
- Width with rotors: 25.8 m (84 ft 7 in)
- Height: 6.73 m/22 ft 1 in; overall with nacelles vertical (5.5 m/17 ft 11 in; at top of tailfins)
- Disc area: 212 m² (2,268 ft²)
- Wing area: 28 m² (301.4 ft²)
- Empty weight: 15,032 kg (33,140 lb)
- Loaded weight: 21,500 kg (47,500 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 27,400 kg (60,500 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Allison T406/AE 1107C-Liberty turboshafts, 6,150 hp (4,590 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 509 km/h (275 knots, 316 mph) at sea level /565 km/h (305 kn; 351 mph) at 4,600 m (15,000 ft)
- Cruise speed: 446 km/h (241 knots, 277 mph) at sea level
- Stall speed: 210 km/h 126 mph, 110 knots) in airplane mode
- Range: 1,627 km (879 nmi, 1,011 mi)
- Combat radius: 722 km (390 nmi, 426 mi)
- Ferry range: 3,590 km (1,940 nmi, 2,230 mi) with auxiliary internal fuel tanks
- Service ceiling: 7,620 m (25,000 ft)
- Rate of climb: 11.8 m/s (2,320 – 4,000 ft/min)
- Glide ratio: 4.5:1
- Disc loading: 102.23 kg/m² (20.9 lb/ft² at 47,500 lb GW)
- Power/mass: 0.259 hp/lb (427 W/kg)
- 1× 7.62 mm (0.308 in) M240 machine gun or 0.50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine gun on ramp, removable
- 1× 7.62 mm (.308 in) GAU-17 minigun, belly-mounted, retractable, video remote control in the Remote Guardian System [optional]
All pictures courtesy of Zijde Aviation Photo and Publishing, Rob Vogelaar
The Boeing CH-47 Chinook is an American twin-engine, tandem rotor heavy-lift helicopter. Its primary mission is to move troops, artillery, ammunition, fuel, water, barrier materials, supplies and equipment on the battlefield. Its secondary missions include medical evacuation, disaster relief, search and rescue, aircraft recovery, fire fighting, parachute drops, heavy construction and civil development.
Developing nation: USA.
Production line: Boeing facility in Ridley Park, Pennsylvania.
Type aircraft: heavy-lift transport.
First flight: 21 September 1961.
Produced: 1961 – present.
Chinook helicopters were introduced in 1962 as the CH-47 Chinook, and models A, B and C were deployed in Vietnam. As the product of a modernization program, which included refurbishing existing CH-47s, the first CH-47Ds were delivered in 1982 and were produced until 1994. A central element in the Gulf War, they continue to be the standard for the U.S. Army in the global campaign against terrorism.
CH-47s also have performed humanitarian support, disaster relief, rescue, fire-fighting and nation-building missions on six continents in all climates and conditions. With a crew of three, the CH-47s can transport 44 seated troops or 24 casualty litters. The aircraft can carry palletized cargo internally, including the U.S. Army HMMWV, or sling-loaded external cargo, utilizing its triple cargo hooks for stability.
Boeing is developing new composite rotor blades for the CH-47 Chinook helicopter that will increase lift capacity by 907kg. The new rotors will be available from 2014, and can be retrofitted to previous examples of the Chinook.
HC-1B – The pre-1962 designation for Model 114 development aircraft that would be re-designated CH-47 Chinook.
CH-47A – The all-weather, medium-lift CH-47A Chinook. A total of 349 were built.
ACH-47A – Four CH-47A helicopters were converted to gunships by Boeing Vertol in late 1965.
CH-47B – The CH-47B was an interim solution while Boeing worked on a more substantially improved CH-47C. 108 built.
CH-47C – The CH-47C featured more powerful engines and transmissions. Three versions of the “C model” were built.
CH-47D – The CH-47D model was originally powered by two T55-L-712 engines, but most are now fitted with the T55-GA-714A.
MH-47D – The MH-47D variant was developed for special forces operations and has in-flight refueling capability, a fast-rope rappelling system and other upgrades.
EH-47D – The current model used by US Army Special Operations is the MH-47E. Beginning with the E model prototype manufactured in 1991, there were a total of 26 Special Operations Aircraft produced.
CH-47F – The CH-47F was designed to extend the service life of the Chinook class beyond 2030. Among its upgrades are new 4,868 shaft horsepower Honeywell engines, improved avionics, and an upgraded airframe with larger single-piece sections to reduce part count and need for fasteners. The new milled construction will reduce vibrations, eliminate points of joint flexing, and reduce the need for inspections and repairs, and reduce maintenance costs. It is also expected to increase service life. The CH-47F can fly at speeds of over 282 km/h (175 mph) with a payload of more than 9,530 kg (21,000 lb). The improved avionics include a Rockwell Collins Common Avionics Architecture System (CAAS) cockpit, and BAE Systems’ Digital Advanced Flight Control System (DAFCS).In February 2007, the Netherlands were the first international customer to order the F model; six helicopters were ordered to expand their current fleet to 17. The Netherlands also plans to upgrade its current 11 CH-47Ds to the CH-47F configuration.
MH-47G - The MH-47G Special Operations Aviation (SOA) version is currently being delivered to the US Army. The MH47G’s fully integrated digital Common Avionics Architecture System (CAAS) permits global communications and navigation. CAAS is among the most advanced U.S. Army helicopter systems, soon to be installed in the U.S. Army Special Operations Command’s MH60. CAAS includes integrated forwardlooking infrared (FLIR) and multimode radar for napoftheearth and lowlevel flight operations in conditions of extremely poor visibility and adverse weather. Today’s MH47Gs contain a fully integrated digital cockpit management system, longrange fuel tanks and advanced cargohandling capabilities that complement the aircraft’s mission performance and handling characteristics. In February 2007, the first MH47G aircraft were deployed in Afghanistan.
Republic of China (Taiwan)
United Arab Emirates
General characteristics CH-47D
- Crew: 3 (pilot, copilot, flight engineer/loadmaster)
- 33–55 troops or
- 24 litters and 3 attendants or
- 12,700 kg (28,000 lb) cargo
- Length: 30.1 m (98 ft 10 in)
- Rotor diameter: 18.3 m (60 ft 0 in)
- Height: 5.7 m (18 ft 11 in)
- Disc area: 260 m2 (5,600 ft2 or 2,800 ft2 per rotor disc)
- Empty weight: 10,185 kg (23,400 lb)
- Loaded weight: 12,100 kg (26,680 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 22,680 kg (50,000 lb)
- Powerplant: 2 × Lycoming T55-GA-712 turboshaft, 3,750 hp (2,796 kW) each
- Maximum speed: 315 km/h (170 knots, 196 mph)
- Cruise speed: 220 km/h (130 kt, 137 mph)
- Range: 741 km (400 nmi, 450 mi)
- Ferry range: 2,252 km (1,216 nmi, 1,400 mi)
- Service ceiling: 5,640 m (18,500 ft)
- Rate of climb: 10.1 m/s (1,522 ft/min)
- Disc loading: 47 kg/m2 (9.5 lb/ft2)
- Power/mass: 460 W/kg (0.28 hp/lb)
- up to 3 pintle mounted medium machine guns (1 on loading ramp and 2 at shoulder windows), generally 7.62 mm (0.308 in) M240/FN MAG machine guns
- Rockwell CAAS (MH-47G/CH-47F)
All pictures courtesy of Zijde Aviation Photo and Publishing, Rob Vogelaar.
The 747-8 is a development of the Boeing 747, which takes advantage of improvements in technology and aerodynamics. The two variants of the 747-8 were launched in 2005.
The 747-8F will be the initial model to see entry into service (EIS). As on the 747-400F, the upper deck is shorter than passenger models. The fuselage of the airplane is stretched 5.6 m (18.3 ft) compared to the 747-400 .
Developing nation: USA
Manufacturer/designer: Boeing Aircraft Company
Production lines: Everett Facility, Paine Field, WA
First flight: February 8, 2010
Certification: August 19, 2011
First delivery: September 2011 to CargoLux
The 747-8 Freighter will be 5.6 m (18.3 ft) longer than the 747-400 freighter. With a total payload capacity of 140 metric tonnes (154 tons), including tare weight, the 747-8F provides 16 percent more cargo revenue volume than the -400. The additional 1,17m (4,124 ft) from the longer fuselage offers space for four additional main-deck pallets, two additional lower-hold pallets and two additional lower-hold containers. Cargo can be loaded and unloaded on the 747-8F using both the nose and side doors for maximum speed and efficiency.
The 747-8 Freighter complements the existing 747-400 freighter family, which is the air-cargo industry’s standard. Both models accommodate 3.1-meter (10-foot) high pallets, providing operators with maximum flexibility.
On February 8, 2010, after a 2.5-hour weather delay, the 747-8 Freighter made its maiden flight, taking off from Paine Field, Washington at 12:39 PST and landed at 4:18 pm PST.
Launch custommer Cargolux, based in Luxembourg, has ordered 10 747-8 Freighters and will take delivery of the first 747-8F in third-quarter 2011. It also holds purchase rights for 10 additional airplanes. Cargolux currently operates an all-Boeing fleet of 13 747-400 freighters.
- Cockpit crew: 2
- Seating capacity:
- Length: 250 ft 2 in (76.25 m)
- Wingspan: 224 ft 7 in (68.45 m)
- Height: 63 ft 6 in (19.35 m)
- Cabin width: 20.1 ft (6.1 m)
- Wing area:
- Empty weight: 421,200 lb (191,100 kg)
- Max payload: 295,800 lb (134,200 kg)
- Max takeoff weight: 975,000 lb (442,000 kg)
- Max landing weight: 757,000 lb (343,000 kg)
- Maximum fuel capacity: 60,755 US gallons (229,980 l)
- Powerplant: 4x General Electric GEnx-2B67, 66,500 lbf (296 kN)
- Cruise speed: Mach 0.845 (564 mph, 490 kn, 908 km/h)
- Maximum speed: Mach 0.92 (614 mph, 533 kn, 988 km/h)
- Range: (full load) 4,475 nmi (8,288 km) with 295,800 lb (134,200 kg) payload
- Service ceiling: 43,000 ft (13,000 m)
All pictures courtesy of Zijde Aviation Photo and Publishing, Rob Vogelaar.