The EADS CASA C-295 is a new generation twin-turboprop tactical military transport Aircraft able to carry up to nine tonnes of payload or up to 71 personnel. The C-295’s “civic” activities include surveillance and control activities such as search and rescue, monitoring of illegal immigration, drug smuggling, piracy, illegal fishery, maritime pollution control and deterrance, wild deforestation, bringing supplies to people living in remote locations (isolated islands, deserts, etc).
Developing nation: Spain.
Manufacturer/designer: Airbus Military/CASA.
Production Lines: San Pablo Airport, in Seville, Spain.
Type aircraft: Tactical transport.
First flight: 28 November 1997.
First delivery: 2001 Spain.
Produced: 1997 -present.
Developed from: CASA CN235.
EADS CASA C-295 is the ideal aircraft for defence and civic missions to the benefit of society, such as humanitarian actions, maritime patrol, and environmental surveillance. Thanks to its robustness, reliability and simple systems, this medium sized tactical airlifter provides the versatility and flexibility necessary for personnel, troop and bulk or palletized cargo transportation, medical evacuation, communication and logistic duties, and certified air-dropping capabilities. Its mix of dual technology civil/military equipment ensures success in demanding tactical missions, growth potential for systems development, as well as compatibility with the latest civil airspace requirements.
The C-295 glass cockpit with digital avionics includes four large active matrix liquid crystal displays (6’’x8’’), fully compatible with night vision goggles. The advanced integrated avionics system with multifunctional displays provides improved situational awareness and flight safety, lower pilot workload and enhanced mission effectiveness.
Early Warning & Command (AEW)
Airbus Military is currently flight testing an Airborne Early Warning & Command (AEW) version of its C295. The C295 demonstrator is fitted with a six metre / 19 ft 18 in diameter rotodome. The primary sensor of the AEW&C will be the IAI/ELTA 4th Generation Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) Radar with integrated IFF. This follows an agreement signed by Airbus Military and IAI/ELTA in June 2011 at the Le Bourget Airshow.The C295 AEW&C has been designed to provide high quality 360º surveillance, creating in real-time an integrated Air and Maritime Situation Picture and Electronic Order of Battle.
In December 2012 Airbus Military has begun flight-testing a modification to add winglets to the C295 medium transport and surveillance aircraft – one of a series of product developments underway on the market-leading type.
- C-295M – Military transport version. Capacity for 73 troops, 48 paratroops, 27 stretchers, five 2.24 × 2.74 m (88 × 108 inches) pallets or three light vehicles
- C-295MPA/Persuader – Maritime patrol/anti-submarine warfare version. Provision for six hardpoints.
- AEW&C – Prototype airborne early warning and control version with 360 degree radar dome. The AESA radar was developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and has an integrated IFF (Identification friend or foe) system.
- Algeria – The Algerian Air Force received six C-295s for transport and maritime patrol. One lost in accident.
- Brazil – The Brazilian Air Force received 12 aircraft, designated C-105A Amazonas.
- Chile – The Chilean Navy recently purchased three C-295 MPA to replace their ageing P-3ACH Orions.
- Colombia – The Colombian Air Force ordered five C-295s.
- Czech Republic – The Czech Air Force ordered four C-295M.
- Egypt – The Egypt Air Force have ordered three aircraft for tactical and logistical transport.
- Finland – The Finnish Air Force operates two C-295Ms and has an order for one additional C-295M (the plane will be equipped with an ESM / ELINT system designed by Lockheed Martin) for delivery in 2013.
- Ghana – The Ghanaian Air Force ordered two C-295s.
- Indonesia – The Indonesian Air Force have ordered nine aircraft for tactical and logistical transport.
- Jordan – The Royal Jordanian Air Force received two aircraft.
- Kazakhstan – The Kazahk Air Force operated two C-295s and ten aircraft in order.
- Mexico – The Mexican Air Force operates 6 C-295Ms. 4 more in order. The Mexican Navy operates four C-295s.
- Oman – The Royal Air Force of Oman ordered five tactical transport C-295M and three maritime patrol C-295 MPA in 2012.
- Poland – The Polish Air Force 17 aircraft. One aircraft crashed on 24 January 2008.
- Portugal – The Portuguese Air Force received 12 C-295s, including five Persuader Maritime Patrol Aircraft.
- Spain – The Spanish Air Force 13 aircraft (designated T.21).
General characteristics C295M
- Crew: Two
- Capacity: 71 troops
- Payload: 9,250 kg (20,392 lbs)
- Length: 24.50 m (80 ft 3 in)
- Wingspan: 25.81 m (84 ft 8 in)
- Height: 8.60 m (28 ft 3 in)
- Wing area: 59 m² (634.8 ft²)
- Max. takeoff weight: 23,200 kg (51,146 lbs)
- Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127G Hamilton Standard 586-F (six bladed), 1,972 kW (2,645 hp) each
- Maximum speed: 576 km/h (311 knots, 358 mph)
- Cruise speed: 480 km/h (260 knots, 300 mph)
- Range: 4,600 km (with 3000Kg payload) (2,600 mi) 2,300 nmi; (with 4,550 kilograms (10,000 lb) payload)
- Range with full payload: 1,300 km (828 mi; 720 nmi)
- Ferry range: 5,400 km (3,240 mi; 2,820 nmi)
- Service ceiling: 9,100 m (25,000 ft)
- Takeoff run: 670 m (2,200 ft)
- Landing run: 320 m (1,050 ft)
All pictures courtesy of Zijde Aviation Photo and Publishing, Rob Vogelaar