British Aerospace Hawk

British Aerospace Hawk T1A XX278 RAF

The British Aerospace Hawk started life as the Hawker-Siddeley P1182 which won the competition for a new advanced trainer for the RAF in 1971. The prototype flew in 1974. The British Aerospace Hawk is a small, single engine, two-seat advanced trainer, which entered RAF service in 1976, to replace the Gnat and later the Jet Provost in RAF service.

Since the Hawk is such a responsive, agile and predictable aircraft, students remain with the Hawk throughout their advanced training syllabus, it is also a capable front line fighter carrying war-loads up to 3100 kg. These are carried beneath the fuselage and on four under wing pylons.

Worldwide sales of the British Aerospace Hawk now exceed 900 aircraft to 19 customers. The most significant order came from the US Navy who selected the Hawk as the basis for its advanced jet strike training program. Known as the T-45 Goshawk.

Red Arrows

In the winter of 1979/80 the Red Arrows took delivery of the Hawk,? it replaced the Hawker Siddeley Gnats which the Red Arrows had flown since 1965. Aside from its paint scheme the Red Arrows Hawk differs little from the standard T Mk1. Each of the teams aircraft carries a ventral 318 liter tank containing diesel oil and red and blue dye, in separate compartments. On selection these fluids are pumped to three jet pipe nozzles where the hot temperature produces the smoke.

Developing nation: United Kingdom.
Designer: Hawker Siddeley.
Manufacturer: BAE Systems.
Production line: Brough, East Yorkshire, UK.
Task: Lead-in fighter trainer.
First flight: August 21, 1974 XX154.
First delivery: November 1976, RAF 4FTS at Valley.
  BAe Hawk T.1
Crew: 2.
Ejection seat: Martin Baker Mk.10 zero-zero.
Wing Span: 9,39 m.
Wing Area: 16,69 m².
Length fuselage: 11,17 m.
Length fuselage including probe: 11,86 m.
Height: 3,99 m.
Tail plane span: 4,39 m.
Wheelbase: 3,47 m.
Wheel track: 4,50 m.
Engines: One Rolls Royce/Turbomeca Adour Mk.151-01 rated 23.13 kN.
Weight: – Empty: 3.647 Kg.
– Internal fuel: 1.704 liters.
– External fuel: 2 x 864 liter drop tanks.
– Max. payload: 3.084 Kg.
Max. take off weight: 5.700 Kg.
Max. speed: 1.038 km/h at 3.355 m.
Service ceiling: 15.240 m.
Range: – range 2.428 km without drop tanks.
– ferry range 3.094 km with drop tanks.
– combat radius 556 km with a 2.540 kg war load or 1.038 km with a 1.361 kg war load.
Performance: – max. rate of climb at sea level 2.835 m per minute.
– climb to 9.145 m in 6 minutes, 6 seconds.
– take-off run 549 m at max. take-off weight.
– landing run 488 m at normal landing weight.
g limits: -4/+8
Centerline hardpoints: 1.
Under wing hardpoints: 4.
Weapons: – Aden 30 mm cannon with 120 rounds.
– AIM-9L Sidewinder.
– 9 x 240 kg bombs.
– 9 x 113 kg bombs.
– 5 x 540 kg bombs.
– cluster bombs.
– SNEB rocket pods.
Extra: Reconnaissance pod.

 

BAe Hawk operators:

Abu Dhabi. – 1 Hawk T.63
– 15 Hawk T.63A
– 5 Hawk T.63C
Dubai. – 9 Hawk T.61
Finland. – 57 Hawk Mk.57
Indonesia. – 20 Hawk T.53
Kenya. – 12 Hawk T.52
Kuwait. – 12 Hawk T.64
Saudi Arabia. – 30 Hawk T.65
– 20 Hawk T.65A
South-Korea. – 20 Hawk T.67
Switzerland. – 20 Hawk T.66
United Kingdom. – 176 Hawk T.1
(88 T.1s upgraded with Sidewinder capability to T.1A and 24 to T.1W).
Zimbabwe. – 8 Hawk T.60
– 5 Hawk T.60A
US Navy. – 83 T-45A Goshawk
– 91 T-45C Goshawk
601 Hawk T.60 Zimbabwe Air Force.
602 Hawk T.60 Zimbabwe Air Force.
17-05-1980 XX262 Hawk T.1 Red Arrows/Royal Air Force.
17-03-1981 HW-302 Hawk Mk.51 Finnish Air Force.
17-06-1981 LL-5307 Hawk T.53 Indonesian Air Force.
17-06-1981 LL-5308 Hawk T.53 Indonesian Air Force.
17-09-1981 LL-5302 Hawk T.53 Indonesian Air Force.
22-10-1981 LL-5304 Hawk T.53 Indonesian Air Force.
07-01-1982 XX344 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
28-07-1982 XX305 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
20-10-1982 XX300 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
24-06-1983 XX166 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
29-07-1983 XX229 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
10-08-1983 LL-5303 Hawk T.53 Indonesian Air Force.
21-03-1984 XX251 Hawk T.1 Red Arrows/Royal Air Force.
31-08-1984 XX257 Hawk T.1 Red Arrows/Royal Air Force.
25-10-1984 XX298 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
07-11-1984 XX180 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
30-01-1985 XX279 Hawk T.1A Royal Air Force.
17-04-1985 XX293 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
26-09-1985 XX333 Hawk T.1A Royal Air Force.
26-09-1985 XX340 Hawk T.1A Royal Air Force.
02-03-1986 508 Hawk T.61 Dubai (United Arab Emirates Air Force).
04-04-1986 504 Hawk T.61 Dubai (United Arab Emirates Air Force).
04-04-1986 505 Hawk T.61 Dubai (United Arab Emirates Air Force).
09-05-1986 HW-313 Hawk Mk.51 Finnish Air Force.
07-07-1986 XX223 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
03-11-1986 XX297 Hawk T.1A? Royal Air Force.
24-02-1987 1016? Hawk T.63A Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates Air Force).
16-11-1987 XX241 Hawk T.1 Red Arrows/Royal Air Force.
16-11-1987 XX259 Hawk T.1A? Red Arrows/Royal Air Force.
22-01-1988 XX243 Hawk T.1A Red Arrows/Royal Air Force.
13-05-1988 XX197 Hawk T.1A Royal Air Force.
15-04-1989 1003 Hawk T.63 Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates Air Force).
14-06-1989 XX182 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
14-06-1989 XX291 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
20-06-1989 LL-5318 Hawk T.53 Indonesian Air Force.
19-09-1989 XX192 Hawk T.1A Royal Air Force.
09-05-1990 XX347 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
15-10-1990 U-1256 Hawk T.66 Swiss Air Force.
18-12-1991 506 Hawk T.61 Dubai (United Arab Emirates Air Force).
04-06-1992 163601 T-45A US Navy.
30-09-1992 XX334 Hawk T.1A Royal Air Force.
01-07-1993 XX163 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
25-04-1994 507 Hawk T.61 Dubai (United Arab Emirates Air Force).
17-08-1994 163629 T-45A US Navy.
17-08-1994 163639 T-45A US Navy.
04-11-1994 503 Hawk T.61 Dubai (United Arab Emirates Air Force).
21-07-1995 1006 Hawk T.63A Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates Air Force).
10-08-1995 XX288 Hawk T.1W Royal Air Force.
13-02-1996 XX164 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
17-03-1996 163627 T-45A US Navy.
26-05-1996 XX302 Hawk T.1A Royal Air Force.
01-11-1996 163627 T-45A US Navy.
08-04-1997 XX343 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
15-04-1997 163634 T-45A US Navy.
11-12-1997 163640 T-45A US Navy.
30-04-1998 XX186 Hawk T.1A Royal Air Force.
19-08-1998 163632 T-45A US Navy.
17-11-1998 XX252 Hawk T.1A Red Arrows/Royal Air Force.
22-11-1999 XX193 Hawk T.1A Royal Air Force.
18-10-2000 XX282 Hawk T.1A Royal Air Force.
21-02-2001 163601 T-45A ?US Navy.
14-01-2002 141 Hawk T.64 Kuwait Air Force.
05-02-2002 8803 Hawk T.65A Royal Saudi Air Arms.
05-02-2002 8804 Hawk T.65A Royal Saudi Air Arms.
15-02-2002 XX352? Hawk T.1A Royal Air Force.
28-03-2002 TT-5310 Hawk T.53 Indonesian Air Force.
28-03-2002 TT-5311 Hawk T.53 Indonesian Air Force.
25-03-2003 HW-305 Hawk Mk.51 Finnish Air Force.
23-07-2003 XX183 Hawk T.1 Royal Air Force.
08-02-2004 165631 T-45A US Navy.
12-07-2004 165…???? T-45C US Navy.
15-05-2004 8801 Hawk T.65A Royal Saudi Air Arms.
22-03-2005 165…???? T-45C US Navy.
05-04-2005 151 Hawk T.64 Kuwait Air Force.
24-07-2005 8802 Hawk T.65A Royal Saudi Air Arms.
24-07-2005 8809 Hawk T.65A Royal Saudi Air Arms.

Zimbabwe Air Force 3 more Hawks are written-off.

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