The Boeing (former McDonnell Douglas) T-45A Goshawk is the US Navy’s two-seat advanced jet trainer. The aircraft is jointly manufactured by Boeing and BAE Systems. The T-45A was selected to meet the US Navy requirement for an undergraduate jet pilot trainer to replace the TA-4J Skyhawk and T-2C Buckeye. The TA-4J was retired in 2003 and the T-2 will be retired in September 2004.The T-45A entered service with the US Navy in January 1992. From aircraft number 84 (first flown on? October 21, 1997), production switched to the T-45C variant, which features a new “Cockpit 21” with two 5-inch square monochrome CRT screens. The US Navy and Marine Corps have more than 160 T-45 Goshawks and a total of 234 is planned. The T-45TS pilot training scheme includes advanced simulators and computer assisted instruction as well as training flight programs.
Several modifications to the basic Hawk airframe were incorporated into the T-45 Goshawk design including: new twin nose-wheel with catapult launch T-bar; nose wheel steering for maneuvering within the confines of the carrier deck; strengthened airframe and undercarriage for catapult launches; relocated speed brakes; provision of under-fuselage tail hook; revised avionics; and modified cockpit layout for compatibility with frontline US Navy combat aircraft.
|Developing nation:||United Kingdom/United States.|
|Designer:||British Aerospace/McDonnell Douglas.|
|Production line:||St. Louis, MO USA.|
|Task:||Lead-in fighter/carrier trainer.|
|First flight:||– T-45A April 21, 1998.
– T-45C October 21, 1997.
|First delivery:||October 1990 to Naval Air Test Center at Patuxent River.|
|First carrier landing:||December 4, 1991 on the USS John F. Kennedy.|
|McDonnell Douglas/British Aerospace T-45A Goshawk.|
|Ejection seat:||Martin Baker Mk.14 NACES.|
|Wing Span:||9,39 m.|
|Wing Area:||16,69 m².|
|Length fuselage:||11,17 m.|
|Length fuselage including probe:||11,97 m.|
|Tail plane span:||4,59 m.|
|Wheel track:||3,90 m.|
|Engines:||One Rolls Royce/Turbomeca F405-RR-401 turbofan rated 26.00 kN.|
|Weight:||– Empty: 4.263 Kg.
– Internal fuel: 1.312 kg.
– External fuel: 2 x 591 liter drop tanks.
|Max. take off weight:||5.787 Kg.|
|Max. speed:||997 km/h at 2.440 m.|
|Service ceiling:||12.875 m.|
|Range:||1.854 km without drop tanks.|
|Performance:||– max. rate of climb at sea level 2.128 m per minute.
– take-off run to 15 m at max. take-off weight 1.189 m.
– landing run from 15 m at max. landing weight 1.009 m.
|Under wing hardpoints:||4.|
|Weapons:||Normally none, but light stores capability on two wing and one fuselage pylon.|
|US Navy.||– 83 T-45A Goshawk- 91 T-45C Goshawk|
Mc Donnell Douglas T-45 Goshawk written-off by accidents: