Sud Aviation (Aerospatiale) Caravelle

F-GCVM, Aerospatiale SE-210 Caravelle 12, Air Provence International, Paris Charles de Gaulle.

The Sud Aviation (Aerospatiale) Caravelle) was the world’s first short/medium-range jet airliner. Designed to a requirement for a short range jet, SNCASE (Societe Nationale de Constructions Aeronautiques de Sud-Est) responded with an aircraft with engines in pods at the rear of the fuselage setting a trend in commercial aircraft.

The Caravelle first flew in 1955 and entered service with Air France in 1959. Since SNCASE merged with Ouest-Aviation to form Sud-Aviation in 1957, the Caravelle is more well known as a Sud-Aviation product. Another merger brought production under Aerospatiale.

Over 280 were produced through 1972.

  • Developing Nation: France
  • First Flight: May 27, 1955
  • First Delivery: May 12, 1959 (Air France)
  • Crew: 2 pilots, 1 flight engineer
  • Wing span: 34,30 m.
  • Wing area: 146,7 m².
  • Length: 33,01 m.
  • Height: 8,72 m.
  • Engine(s): Caravelle 10B: Two 64,4 kN Pratt & Whitney JT8D-9 turbofans Earlier versions had two 48,9 to 56,0 kN thrust class Rolls Royce RA.29 Avon turbojets.
  • Weight: Caravelle 10B: Operating empty 30.055 Kg.
  • Max. Take off weight: Caravelle 10B: 56.000 Kg. Earlier versions ranged from 46.000 to 50.000 Kg.
  • Max. Cruise Speed: 825 Km/h.

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